Choco Solver



Using Graph Variables within Choco Solver

In this example, we model and solve the Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG) Problem, which consists in finding a directed graph without circuit, using Constraint Programming. For this purpose, we use the Graph extension of Choco Solver in order to create a graph variable and graph constraints. Note that since Choco Graph 4.2.0, graph variable domain may be exported in the Graphviz format.
/*
 * Copyright (C) 2017 COSLING S.A.S.
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

import org.chocosolver.graphsolver.GraphModel;
import org.chocosolver.graphsolver.variables.DirectedGraphVar;
import org.chocosolver.solver.exception.ContradictionException;
import org.chocosolver.solver.variables.IntVar;
import org.chocosolver.util.objects.graphs.DirectedGraph;
import org.chocosolver.util.objects.setDataStructures.SetType;

/**
 * Example of Graph Variable in Choco Solver: computes a directed acyclic graph
 * @author Jean-Guillaume FAGES (cosling)
 * @version choco-solver-4.0.4
 * @version choco-graph-4.2.0
 */
public class DAG {

	public static void main(String[] args){
		int n = 5;
		GraphModel model = new GraphModel();

		// VARIABLE COUNTING THE NUMBER OF ARCS
		IntVar nbArcs = model.intVar("arcCount", 0, n * n, true);

		// GRAPH VARIABLE : initial domain (every node belongs to the solution)
		DirectedGraph GLB = new DirectedGraph(model, n, SetType.BITSET, true);
		DirectedGraph GUB = new DirectedGraph(model, n, SetType.BITSET, true);
		GLB.addArc(0,1); // some arbitrary mandatory arcs
		GLB.addArc(1,2);
		GLB.addArc(3,1);
		for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
			for (int j = 0; j < n; j++) {
				GUB.addArc(i, j);		// potential edge
			}
		}

		DirectedGraphVar dag = model.digraphVar("dag", GLB, GUB);

		// CONSTRAINTS
		model.noCircuit(dag).post();
		model.nbArcs(dag, nbArcs).post();

		// SOLVING AND PRINTS
		System.out.println(dag.graphVizExport()); // displays initial graph domain
		try {
			model.getSolver().propagate(); // propagates constraints (without branching)
		} catch (ContradictionException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		System.out.println(dag.graphVizExport()); // displays graph domain after propagation
		if (model.getSolver().solve()){
			System.out.println("solution found : "+nbArcs);
			System.out.println(dag.graphVizExport()); // displays solution graph
		}
		model.getSolver().printStatistics();
	}
}
            
        

The domain of the graph variable before and after constraint propagation, as well as in the first solution found is displayed below thanks to webgraphviz:

graph variable domain during solving